On 1st August 2018, Google confirmed a “broad core algorithm update” and that it does these updates “several times per year.”

Google EAT Update

You can see their full Twitter thread here confirming this.

Unlike other yearly refreshes they mention though, this update was greeted with a few raised eyebrows, as a few days before Google made significant changes to their Google Quality Rater Guidelines for the first time in a year.

Naturally, webmasters linked these guideline revisions to this August update.

Related: A Short History of Google Algorithm Updates

While this 164-page resource doesn’t influence rankings directly, the ideas and guidelines they outline are a big signal of how Google considers certain topics and their quality. For that reason, our eCommerce SEO team set about to understand what it is Google are asking for when it comes to web best practice.

One of the most noticeable amendments in the Google Quality Rater Guidelines document relates to E-A-T and YMYL, but what do these acronyms mean?

Jump to:

What is E-A-T?

E-A-T stands for:

  • Expertise
  • Authoritativeness
  • Trustworthiness

Google’s revised search quality rating guidelines make constant mention of expertise, authority and trust (EAT) as a signifier of high-quality content.

Google doesn’t define clear examples of E-A-T, however, it does provide guidelines for their search quality raters to follow when assessing websites from this perspective:

  • “High E-A-T medical advice should be written or produced by people or organizations with appropriate medical expertise or accreditation. High E-A-T medical advice or information should be written or produced in a professional style and should be edited, reviewed, and updated on a regular basis.”
  • “High E-A-T news articles should be produced with journalistic professionalism—they should contain factually accurate content presented in a way that helps users achieve a better understanding of events. High E-A-T news sources typically have published established editorial policies and robust review processes.”
  • “High E-A-T information pages on scientific topics should be produced by people or organizations with appropriate scientific expertise and represent well-established scientific consensus on issues where such consensus exists.”
  • “High E-A-T financial advice, legal advice, tax advice, etc., should come from trustworthy sources and be maintained and updated regularly.”
  • “High E-A-T advice pages on topics such as home remodelling (which can cost thousands of dollars and impact your living situation) or advice on parenting issues (which can impact the future happiness of a family) should also come from “expert” or experienced sources that users can trust.”
  • “High E-A-T pages on hobbies, such as photography or learning to play a guitar, also require expertise.”

Source – Google Quality Rater Guidelines

It’s clear that following the guideline changes, Google wants to serve only the most accurate and most respected content possible around serious and important searches.

What is YMYL?

The Google Quality Rater Guidelines now defines “Your Money or Your Life” as pages that “could potentially impact the future happiness, health, financial stability, or safety of users”.

This is important to Google as “low-quality YMYL pages could potentially negatively impact users’ happiness, health, financial stability, or safety”.

This mirrors the updates to the EAT guidelines and again shows that Google wants correct and trustworthy results around life affecting queries.

The following are examples of YMYL pages from the new Google Quality Rater Guidelines:

  • “Shopping or financial transaction pages: webpages that allow users to make purchases, transfer money, pay bills, etc. online (such as online stores and online banking pages).
  • “Financial information pages: webpages that provide advice or information about investments, taxes, retirement planning, home purchase, paying for college, buying insurance, etc.”
  • “Medical information pages: webpages that provide advice or information about health, drugs, specific diseases or conditions, mental health, nutrition, etc.”
  • “Legal information pages: webpages that provide legal advice or information on topics such as divorce, child custody, creating a will, becoming a citizen, etc.”
  • “News articles or public/official information pages important for having an informed citizenry: webpages that include information about local/state/national government processes, policies, people, and laws; disaster response services; government programs and social services; news about important topics such as international events, business, politics, science, and technology; etc. Please use your judgment and knowledge of your locale. Keep in mind that not all news articles are necessarily considered YMYL.”
  • “Other: there are many other topics that you may consider YMYL, such as child adoption, car safety information, etc. Please use your judgment.”

Now we have identified the major guideline changes, but who is reviewing websites on things like E-A-T and YMYL?

Google search quality raters

What is a Google search quality rater?

According to Search Engine Land,

Google contracts with over 10,000 search quality raters worldwide to evaluate its search results.

“Raters are given actual searches to conduct, drawn from real searches that happen on Google. They then rate the quality of pages that appear in the top results”

These Search Quality Raters are tasked with reviewing dozens of websites per month and were likely an integral component of the August update that focused on E-A-T and YMYL.

Who has E-A-T/YMYL affected?

According to Mozcast temperatures, websites in the health industry were among some of the hardest hit in the August update:

Mozcast temps by category

Sistrix also had some great data on the winners and losers from this August update:

Domains gained visibility since google update

Domains gained visibility since google update continued

We can see a clear correlation between the type of sites affected and the updated guidelines in the Google Quality Rater resource.

For example, there was clear instruction within the guidelines on what to look for when assessing medical content.

As a reminder, Google said “medical advice should be written or produced by people or organizations with appropriate medical expertise or accreditation. High E-A-T medical advice or information should be written or produced in a professional style and should be edited, reviewed, and updated on a regular basis.”

Therefore, it’s unsurprising that a few days after this guideline was revised, the performance of several medic sites was affected.

Related: How To Diagnose Your Ranking Drops

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How to recover from E-A-T/YMYL update

As with most Google algorithm updates, the details on how to recover from any drops are very vague.

Google referenced their tweets from March 2018 when webmasters looked for guidance following August’s core reshuffle:

Google Searcliaison tweet

What did I tell you, vague, right?

While Google may not be forthcoming when providing explicit recovery details, there are several steps in the right direction that you can take when looking to increase your E-A-T and improve YMYL pages.

We have listed a handful of these recommendations below, but if you would like a full review of your website, speak to one of our SEO team.

Create quality content

I know I know; it’s obvious. But the message from Google is loud and clear; quality content is key to establishing E-A-T.

Google’s revised rater guidelines specifically say “advice or information should be written or produced in a professional style and should be edited, reviewed, and updated on a regular basis”.

Is your content out of date? Is your writer a professional in the area? Is what you say recognised as fact? Can you cite other recognised sources to substantiate your content?

If your content fails to meet the above, then it will likely to suffer following the E-A-T/YMYL update.

Be the expert

As highlighted in the rater guidelines, if you can illustrate that you are the expert voice in your field, Google is likely to reward your site.

Fully researched “How to” articles and FAQ sections are great ways to answer those big YMYL questions with your clear and impartial answers.

Author bio

Every article on your site should have an author bio that boasts about how knowledgeable that writer is on the subject.

For example, when offering guidelines on medical content, Google says “advice should be written or produced by people or organizations with appropriate medical expertise or accreditation.”

While medical content is not applicable to everyone, if your writers have qualifications or recognition in this industry, make it known!

Improve those reviews

It’s unconfirmed the part reviews play around the E-A-T update. However, you can’t deny how important they are from a user perspective.

How many times have you scrolled straight to the user reviews section on an Amazon product? Or bounced from a website you aren’t familiar with when you see a negative review score?

You should take time going through your review scores, identify service or product complaints and fix them! Your customer opinions and E-A-T score should improve as a result.

These are just a handful of recommendations to get you started. If you were hit by the August algorithm update and want to have a chat, set us a challenge and we’ll impart more of our SEO wisdom.

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